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Guidelines for conducting Frontline Demonstrations under the Macro-Management Scheme of Ministry of Agriculture

Major Objective

        The major objective of conducting the demonstrations is to create awareness and convince the rice farmers regarding the benefits and advantages of adoption of new technologies / hybrid rice/ high yielding varieties and to get the feedback from rice farmers at grassroots level for further improvement of the technology. This is also aimed at providing the first hand information to the scientific community about the critical aspects of the technology adoption.

Implementing Agency

        The implementation of FLDs shall be carried out through ICAR, DRR, SAUs, KVKs and State Departments of Agriculture.

Technologies to be demonstrated

        Only released/notified hybrids or varieties and proven technologies found promising in the co-ordinated research testing should be used for popularization through these demonstrations.

Local check

        The popular rice variety grown by the farmers in the area from adjacent fields should be taken as check to have effective comparison, for yield and other attributes. If the centre wants to demonstrate any technology other than varieties/hybrids, comparison is made with the local technology adopted by farmers in the region or the practice under vogue.

Choice of site for demonstration

        The site selected for demonstrations should be from a major rice growing area to have the maximum impact. It should be easily accessible and should preferably be on or near the main road. The choice of the site for demonstration must enable us to generalize the advantages of adoption of a particular technology to similar areas. Thus the site should be true representative of the typical rice areas of the region.

Size of FLDs

        The size of each demonstration will be one ha for all practical purposes. Compact


        It is desirable to have demonstrations in clusters of FOUR hectares. In case of smaller holdings 2-3 farmers can join to have a minimum unit of one hectare. In no case, the demonstration should be in an area of less than one hectare. The demonstrations of four hectares each may be organized in clusters in compact blocks within a village or a group of villages.

Choice of Farmers

        Progressive and innovative rice farmers in a locality representing different categories such as medium, small and marginal/tribal. Women farmers and those belonging to SC/ST should be given preference.

List of Farmers

        List of farmers selected for conducting the demonstrations along with the details such as complete postal address, area, hybrid/variety grown, technology being demonstrated etc. should be sent to DRR, Hyderabad. It is mandatory on the part of the cooperating centres to send these details for official record and also to develop a database of beneficiaries of the FLDs and for analysis.

Package of Practices

        Follow respective recommended package of practices for the popular check rice variety and hybrid rice to have a proper comparison. The package of practices to be adopted for hybrid/varieties should be explained to the farmers and literature should be provided in local languages. If a new technology is being demonstrated, all the details should be explained clearly to the farmer and should be given in writing in local language.


        A brochure on package of practices be adopted in demonstrations is to be prepared in simple, local language and distributed to all the farmers undertaking the demonstrations. This may please be modified as per the local recommendations and got printed in local languages and distributed. Financial provision has been made for the purpose.

Field Board

        A metal board of at least 3' x 2' size, should be affixed in a block of 4 hectares, clearly depicting (in local language) the technology being demonstrated, Number of farmers involved, Name of the village, Date of Sowing/ Planting, major inputs used etc. The board is to be retained in the field from transplanting till harvest. Necessary financial provision for field boards has been made.

Field Days

        While the demonstrations per se may hold great promise, it is the effective dissemination of the advantages of the technologies demonstrated, that will have an impact on the fellow farmers in the area. One of the effective ways of convincingly communicating the advantages of the new technology to the farmers of the region is organization of Field day. Field days should invariably be organized for every 10-20 demonstrations of 1 ha each, for each compact block. It should be ensured that large number of farmers in and around the village and from the adjacent villages actively participate in the field days organized. Wide publicity should be given regarding organization of field days. All the important dignitaries, officials and representatives of public and private seed sector should be invited for participation in the field days.

        The field day programme should involve field visits, briefing, sharing of experiences by the farmers, question and answer Session etc. A detailed report along with good photographs should be sent to the Directorate of Rice Research, Hyderabad for each field day organized. All possible efforts should be made during the field days to make the rice farmers in the neighborhood fully aware and convinced of the advantages of technology being demonstrated.


        Regular and critical monitoring of these demonstrations is necessary to establish close rapport with the farmers and to have regular updates on condition of the crop and progress of the demonstrations. Besides the regular and periodical monitoring by the local organizers, there will be joint monitoring team consisting of the representatives from Directorate of Rice Research, Hyderabad, Directorate of Rice Development, Patna, concerned Scientist from the organizing centre and a representative from Ministry of Agriculture. Directorate of Rice Research, Hyderabad will coordinate the monitoring of the FLDs involving representatives of Directorate of Rice Development, Patna and Ministry of Agriculture. The Joint Monitoring Team will submit the report in the prescribed proforma.

Coordination with State Agriculture Department

        The local Agricultural Officers of the State Department of Agriculture/Social Scientist shall be associated with the implementation of the programme in order to provide required publicity for faster dissemination of the new technology and to create the awareness of the programme among farming community.

Record Keeping

        Detailed and up-to-date systematic records should be maintained by the local organizers and these should be made available to the monitoring teams.

Collection of information

        A detailed questionnaire about the information from each farmer undertaking the demonstrations, will be collected by the organizer and sent to DRR for compilation The compiled final performance report on FLDs to be submitted to Hyderabad in the prescribed proforma (Annexure - V).

Recording of yield data

        For accurately recording the yield data, the representative spots of 5m x 5m per hectare should be carefully selected and yield data should be recorded accurately by crop cutting. Similar observation is to be recorded for the check rice variety grown by the farmer or in neighborhood by other farmers.

Progress report

        The following reports should be forwarded to the DRR, Hyderabad, by the stipulated date as given below.

Financial Provision

       Financial break-up of expenditure for a compact block of four ha. of frontline demonstration as approved by the Ministry is given below.

Break-up of the expenditure of Rs. 12,000/- for a block of demonstration of FOUR ha. On new technologies /Varieties

     (NOTE: Since in case of hybrids, the cost of the hybrid seed itself is very high the following break up of the budget may be adopted depending on the local situation.)

Break-up of the expenditure of Rs. 12000/- per FOUR ha. for conducting FLDs on Hybrids



Concept : Dr. Shaik N Meera (Senior Scientist & CPI)      Copyright © 2010-2012 by DRR Hyderabad. All Rights Reserved.